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Kidney Disease and Kidney Failure

Healthy Kidney Function


The Kidneys and How They Work  publication thumbnail image

The Kidneys and How They Work
Explains what kidneys do and why they are important to maintain life. Describes the internal anatomy of the kidney.
PDF Version (343 KB) *

Los riñones y cómo funcionan publication thumbnail image

En Español
Los riñones y cómo funcionan
Introduce los conceptos básicos de la función renal y describe varios tipos de enfermedades renales. Examina las pruebas de diagnóstico usadas para determinar la función renal y describe las opciones de tratamiento para pacientes con insuficiencia renal.
Versión PDF (686 KB) *

Kidney Disease


Analgesic Nephropathy (Painkillers and the Kidneys) publication thumbnail image

Analgesic Nephropathy (Painkillers and the Kidneys)
Discusses acute renal failure caused by analgesic use in people with risk factors such as advanced age or heavy alcohol use. Explains how daily use of analgesics over long periods may lead to chronic kidney disease.
PDF Version (97 KB) *

Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome publication thumbnail image

Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome
Describes the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children for parents and caregivers.
PDF Version (646 KB) *

Diabetes Insipidus publication thumbnail image

Diabetes Insipidus (DI)
Defines diabetes insipidus and reviews the mechanics of normal fluid regulation. Discusses the different forms of the condition and the tests used to diagnose it.
PDF Version (139 KB) *

Diabetic Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Diabetic Kidney Disease
Explains how diabetes can lead to chronic kidney disease and reviews the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments for diabetic kidney disease.
PDF Version (521 KB) *

La enfermedad renal en personas con diabetes publication thumbnail image

En Español
La enfermedad renal en personas con diabetes
Explica la enfermedad renal, incluidas las causas y su progresión a la insuficiencia renal. Resalta los hallazgos del ensayo sobre el control y las complicaciones de la diabetes en relación con la enfermedad renal.
Versión PDF (200 KB) *

Kidney Failure: Choosing a Treatment That’s Right for You publication thumbnail image

End-Stage Renal Disease (See Kidney Failure: Choosing a Treatment That’s Right for You)
Provides a broad overview of the treatment options for a person facing kidney failure. Introduces hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantation, with a general description of each method and a list of pros and cons.
PDF Version (832 KB) *

Insuficiencia Renal: Cómo escoger el mejor tratamiento para usted publication thumbnail image

En Español
Insuficiencia Renal: Cómo escoger el mejor tratamiento para usted
Presenta la hemodiálisis, la diálisis peritoneal y el trasplante renal, con una descripción general de cada método y una lista de pros y contras.
Versión PDF (474 KB) *

Glomerular Diseases publication thumbnail image

Glomerular Diseases
Defines the two major categories of glomerular diseases—glomerulosclerosis and glomerulonephritis—and describes how they interfere with kidney function.
PDF Version (378 KB) *

Goodpasture Syndrome publication thumbnail image

Goodpasture Syndrome
Summarizes the symptoms and treatment for this autoimmune condition.
PDF Version (521 KB) *

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in children publication thumbnail image

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome in Children (HUS)
Describes the cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of hemolytic uremic syndrome in children for parents and caregivers.
PDF Version (585 KB) *

Henoch-Schönlein Purpura publication thumbnail image

Henoch-Schönlein Purpura
Describes the signs and symptoms of Henoch-Schönlein purpura, an autoimmune disease that affects mostly children between the ages of 2 and 6. Explains possible long-term consequences, including kidney disease.
PDF Version (149 KB) *

High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease
Reviews the basics of high blood pressure and the effect it has on the kidneys. Discusses the signs and symptoms of kidney disease and ways to prevent it.
PDF Version (700 KB) *

La presión arterial alta y la insuficiencia renal publication thumbnail image

En Español
La presión arterial alta y la insuficiencia renal
Pasa revista a los fundamentos de la presión arterial alta y el efecto que tiene en los riñones. Explica los signos de daño renal y las formas de prevenirlo.
Versión PDF (132 KB) *

IgA Nephropathy publication thumbnail image

IgA Nephropathy
Defines IgA nephropathy, an autoimmune disease that affects the kidneys. Discusses the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (108 KB) *

Lupus Nephritis publication thumbnail image

Lupus Nephritis
Introduces systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune condition. Describes the symptoms of kidney problems caused by SLE.
PDF Version (288 KB) *

Medullary Sponge Kidney publication thumbnail image

Medullary Sponge Kidney
Defines medullary sponge kidney, a birth defect of the tiny internal structures of the kidney. Describes treatment and prevention methods.
PDF Version (218 KB) *

Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome publication thumbnail image

Minimal Change Disease (See Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome)
Describes the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children for parents and caregivers.
PDF Version (646 KB) *

Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults publication thumbnail image

Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults
Discusses the causes, symptoms, and treatment for nephrotic syndrome in adults.
PDF Version (439 KB) *

Overview of Kidney Disease in Children

Overview of Kidney Disease in Children
Describes the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of acute and chronic kidney diseases and kidney failure in children.
PDF Version (912 KB) *

Polycystic Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
Defines three types of polycystic kidney disease and describes their genetic origins, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as ongoing research.
PDF Version (392 KB) *

Proteinuria publication thumbnail image

Proteinuria
Defines proteinuria and discusses who is at risk. Reviews the signs of proteinuria and provides information about testing procedures and treatment options.
PDF Version (487 KB) *

Renal Tubular Acidosis (RTA) publication thumbnail image

Renal Tubular Acidosis (RTA)
Explains the different types of renal tubular acidosis. Outlines diagnostic criteria and treatment options, as well as current research efforts.
PDF Version (115 KB) *

Simple Kidney Cysts publication thumbnail image

Simple Kidney Cysts
Distinguishes between simple kidney cysts and polycystic kidney disease. Explains diagnostic procedures and treatment options.
PDF Version (154 KB) *

Kidney Failure in Adults


Amyloidosis and Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Amyloidosis and Kidney Disease
Describes primary amyloidosis and dialysis-related amyloidosis, diseases that affect the kidneys.
PDF Version (1,464 KB) *

Analgesic Nephropathy (Painkillers and the Kidneys) publication thumbnail image

Analgesic Nephropathy (Painkillers and the Kidneys)
Discusses acute renal failure caused by analgesic use in people with risk factors such as advanced age or heavy alcohol use. Explains how daily use of analgesics over long periods may lead to chronic kidney disease.
PDF Version (97 KB) *

Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease publication thumbnail image

Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease
Explains the kidneys’ role in making red blood cells and how kidney disease can lead to anemia. Discusses the diagnosis and treatment of anemia in kidney disease.
PDF Version (702 KB) *

Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder publication thumbnail image

Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder
Explains how working kidneys contribute to healthy bones and why kidney disease can lead to bone problems. Covers diagnosis and treatment of chronic kidney disease.
PDF Version (278 KB) *

Financial Help for Treatment of Kidney Failure publication thumbnail image

Financial Help for Treatment of Kidney Failure
Briefly describes the Federal Government’s insurance program, which covers much of the cost of dialysis treatments and transplantation expenses.
PDF Version (771 KB) *

Hemodialysis Dose and Adequacy publication thumbnail image

Hemodialysis Dose and Adequacy
Explains the formulas used to determine whether a hemodialysis dose is adequate.
PDF Version (308 KB) *

Kidney Failure: Eat Right to Feel Right on Hemodialysis publication thumbnail image

Kidney Failure: Eat Right to Feel Right on Hemodialysis
Explains in an easy-to-read format how food affects hemodialysis patients and describes the role of fluids, potassium, phosphorus, protein, sodium, calories, and vitamins and minerals.
PDF Version (674 KB) *

Insuficiencia renal: Coma bien para sentirse bien durante el tratamiento de hemodiálisis publication thumbnail image

En Español
Insuficiencia renal: Coma bien para sentirse bien durante el tratamiento de hemodiálisis
Explica cómo la comida afecta a los pacientes de hemodiálisis y describe el papel de los fluidos, potasio, fósforo, proteínas, sodio, calorías y vitaminas y minerales.
Versión PDF (462 KB) *

Kidney Failure: Choosing a Treatment That’s Right for You publication thumbnail image

Kidney Failure: Choosing a Treatment That’s Right for You
Provides a broad overview of the treatment options for a person facing kidney failure. Introduces hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantation with a general description of each method and a list of pros and cons.
PDF Version (832 KB) *

Insuficiencia Renal: Cómo escoger el mejor tratamiento para usted publication thumbnail image

En Español
Insuficiencia Renal: Cómo escoger el mejor tratamiento para usted
Presenta la hemodiálisis, la diálisis peritoneal y el trasplante renal, con una descripción general de cada método y una lista de pros y contras.
Versión PDF (474 KB) *

The Kidney Failure Glossary publication thumbnail image

The Kidney Failure Glossary
Defines more than 100 medical terms and concepts used by health professionals when talking about kidney failure. Includes illustrations.
PDF Version (1,173 KB) *

El Glosario de la insuficiencia renal publication thumbnail image

En Español
El Glosario de la insuficiencia renal
Define más de 100 términos relacionados con las complicaciones y el tratamiento de la insuficiencia renal. Incluye ilustraciones.
Versión PDF (868 KB) *

Kidney Failure: What to Expect publication thumbnail image

Kidney Failure: What to Expect
Describes the complications of kidney failure and its treatment for patients who have just started dialysis.
PDF Version (553 KB) *

Peritoneal Dialysis Dose and Adequacy publication thumbnail image

Peritoneal Dialysis Dose and Adequacy
Explains the importance of performing all dialysis exchanges. Describes the procedures used to measure how well treatments are working.
PDF Version (270 KB) *

Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Hemodialysis publication thumbnail image

Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Hemodialysis
Details the procedures and equipment involved in hemodialysis. Explains vascular access and dietary issues.
PDF Version (315 KB) *

Métodos de tratamiento para la insuficiencia renal: Hemodiálisis publication thumbnail image

En Español
Métodos de tratamiento para la insuficiencia renal: Hemodiálisis
Explica los procedimientos y los aparatos que se usan para la hemodiálisis, como también sobre el acceso vascular y temas nutricionales. Explica en un formato de fácil de entender, algunas de las complicaciones del fallo renal y una lista de recursos adicionales.
Versión PDF (527 KB) *

Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Peritoneal Dialysis publication thumbnail image

Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Peritoneal Dialysis
Describes the procedures and supplies required for peritoneal dialysis (PD). Explains the differences between ambulatory and automated PD. Gives instructions about how to avoid possible problems.
PDF Version (420 KB) *

Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Transplantation publication thumbnail image

Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Transplantation
Gives a step-by-step account of the process from the initial medical evaluation and placement on a waiting list to surgery, recovery, and maintenance with antirejection medicines.
PDF Version (569 KB) *

Vascular Access for Hemodialysis publication thumbnail image

Vascular Access for Hemodialysis
Defines vascular access and reviews three access options. Describes what to expect during hemodialysis and lists ways to protect the access site.
PDF Version (519 KB) *

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Page last updated September 24, 2014


 

The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health.

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3580
Phone: 1–800–891–5390
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov

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