apples walking checkup

As of September 22, 2014, the NIDDK Clearinghouses Publication Catalog and Image Library sites will be unavailable until further notice.
Although you will not be able to order publications, you can view, download, and print them by using the links below.
For urgent matters, please send an email to catalog@niddk.nih.gov.

The Kidney Failure Glossary L – P

M


previous page  L  M  N  O  P  Q  next page

membrane (MEM-brayn): see semipermeable membrane.

membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) (MEMbruh-noh-proh-LIF-ur-uh-tiv) (gloh-MAIR-yoo-loh-nehFRY-tiss): a disease in which inflammation leads to scarring in the glomeruli, causing proteinuria, hematuria, and sometimes chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease. MPGN occurs primarily in children and young adults.

MPGN (EM-PEE-JEE-EN): see membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis.

[Top]

N


previous page  L  M  N  O  P  Q  next page

nephrectomy (neh-FREK-toh-mee): surgical removal of a kidney.

nephrologist (neh-FROL-uh-jist): doctor who treats people who have kidney problems or related conditions, such as hypertension.

nephrology (neh-FROL-uh-jee): a branch of medicine concerned with diseases of the kidneys.

nephron (NEF-ron): a tiny part of the kidneys. Each kidney is made up of about 1 million nephrons, which are the working units of the kidneys, removing wastes and extra fluids from the blood.

nephrotic syndrome (nef-ROT-ik) (SIN-drohm): a collection of symptoms that indicate kidney damage. Symptoms include high levels of protein in the urine, lack of protein in the blood, and high blood cholesterol.

nuclear scan (NOO-klee-ur) (skan): a test of the structure, blood flow, and function of the kidneys. The doctor injects a mildly radioactive solution into a patient’s arm vein and uses x rays to monitor its progress through the kidneys.

[Top]

O


previous page  L  M  N  O  P  Q  next page

osmosis (oss-MOH-siss): movement of water across a semipermeable membrane from a diluted area to a more concentrated area.

[Top]

P


previous page  L  M  N  O  P  Q  next page

peritoneal cavity (PAIR-ih-toh-NEE-uhl) (KAV-ih-tee): the space inside the lower abdomen but outside the internal organs.

peritoneal dialysis (PAIR-ih-toh-NEE-uhl) (dy-AL-ih-siss): See dialysis.

peritoneum (PAIR-ih-toh-NEE-uhm): the semipermeable membrane lining the peritoneal cavity.

peritonitis (PAIR-ih-toh-NY-tiss): inflammation of the peritoneum, a complication of peritoneal dialysis. See dialysis.

phosphorus (FOSS-for-uhss): a mineral found in many foods, such as beans, nuts, milk, and meat. Too much phosphorus in the blood pulls calcium from the bones.

potassium (poh-TASS-ee-uhm): a mineral and electrolyte found in the body and in many foods.

proteinuria (proh-teen-YOO-ree-uh): a condition in which the urine contains large amounts of protein, a sign that the kidneys are damaged. See albumin and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio.

[Top]

previous page  L  M  N  O  P  Q  next page

Back to Glossary Index

[Top]

Page last updated: March 23, 2012


 

The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health.

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3580
Phone: 1–800–891–5390
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: www.kidney.niddk.nih.gov

Department of Health and Human Services The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state, and local government web resources and services. This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify.

NIH...Turning Discovery Into Health ®

Privacy Statement | Disclaimers | Accessibility | PDF versions require the free Acrobat Reader click to view disclaimer page software for viewing.